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Describe the steps you need to build and test a Lustre system (MGS, MDT, MDS, OSS, OST, client) from the master branch on an arm64, RHEL/CentOS 8.0 machine.


  • A newly installed RHEL/CentOS 8.0 arm64 machine connected to the internet.
  • NOTE It is suggested that you have at least 1GB of memory on the machine you are using for the build.
  • NOTE Verify that SElinux is disabled.


This document walks through the steps of patching the kernel, building Lustre and running a basic test of the complete system. 


The procedure requires that a OS is setup for development - this includes Lustre sources, kernel source and build tools. Once setup, a new kernel can be patched, compiled, run and tested. Further reading on building a RHEL RPM based kernel is available from, among other sources, the CentOS site.

Provision machine and installing dependencies.

Once RHEL/CentOS 8.0 is newly installed on an arm64 machine login as user root.

  1. Install the kernel development tools:

    # yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools"
  2. Install additional dependencies:

    # yum -y install audit-libs-devel binutils-devel elfutils-devel kabi-dw ncurses-devel newt-devel numactl-devel openssl-devel pciutils-devel perl perl-devel python2 python3-docutils xmlto xz-devel elfutils-libelf-devel libcap-devel libcap-ng-devel llvm-toolset libyaml libyaml-devel kernel-rpm-macros kernel-abi-whitelists
  3. Install e2fsprogs packages:

    Download the following packages from,distro=el8/:

    e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel e2fsprogs-libs libcom_err libcom_err-devel libss libss-devel

Preparing the Lustre source.

  1. Create a user build with the home directory /home/build:

    # useradd -m build
  2. Switch to the user build and change to the build $HOME directory:

    # su build
    $ cd $HOME
  3. Get the master branch from git:

    $ git clone git://
    $ cd lustre-release
  4. Run sh ./
  5. Resolve any outstanding dependencies until completes successfully. Success will look like:

    $ sh ./ installing 'config/compile' installing 'config/config.guess' installing 'config/config.sub' installing 'config/install-sh' installing 'config/missing'
    libcfs/libcfs/ installing 'config/depcomp'

Prepare a patched kernel for Lustre

You can have different ways to prepare a patched kernel for Lustre. The easier method is to download built RPM packages from the Releases page. You're going to need the packages starting with 'kernel-'. After new kernel packages are downloaded, you can skip the following few steps and go to the section 'Installing the Lustre kernel and rebooting'.

If you want a more challenge life, you can patch the kernel by yourself, in that case, please follow the steps below.

Prepare the kernel source

In this walk-thru, the kernel is built using rpmbuild - a tool specific to RPM based distributions.

  1. Get the kernel source. First create the directory structure, then get the source from the RPM. Create a .rpmmacros file to install the kernel source in our user directory:

    $ cd $HOME
    $ mkdir -p kernel/rpmbuild/{BUILD,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}
    $ cd kernel
    $ echo '%_topdir %(echo $HOME)/kernel/rpmbuild' > ~/.rpmmacros
  2. Install the kernel source:

    $ rpm -ivh
  3. Prepare the source using rpmbuild:

    $ cd ~/kernel/rpmbuild
    $ rpmbuild -bp --target=`uname -m` ./SPECS/kernel.spec

    This will end with:

    Processed config files are in /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_0/linux-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8.aarch64/configs
    + cd ..
    + find . '(' -name '*.orig' -o -name '*~' ')' -exec rm -f '{}' ';'
    + find . -name .gitignore -exec rm -f '{}' ';'
    + cd ..
    + exit 0
  4. Copy the kernel config file into lustre tree:

    cp ~/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_0/linux-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8.aarch64/configs/kernel-4.18.0-4.18.0-aarch64.config ~/lustre-release/lustre/kernel_patches/kernel_configs/kernel-4.18.0-4.18-rhel8-aarch64.config
  5. Edit the kernel config file ~/lustre-release/lustre/kernel_patches/kernel_configs/kernel-4.18.0-4.18-rhel8-aarch64.config:

    Find the line with '# IO Schedulers' and insert following two lines below it:



At this point, we now have kernel source, with all the RHEL/CentOS patches applied, residing in the directory ~/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_0/linux-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8.aarch64/.

Patch the kernel source with the Lustre code.

  1. Gather all the patches from lustre tree into a single file:

    $ cd ~
    $ rm -f ~/lustre-kernel-aarch64-lustre.patch
    $ cd ~/lustre-release/lustre/kernel_patches/series
    $ for patch in $(<"4.18-rhel8.series"); do \
          patch_file="$HOME/lustre-release/lustre/kernel_patches/patches/${patch}"; \
          cat "${patch_file}" >> "$HOME/lustre-kernel-aarch64-lustre.patch"; \
  2. Copy the kernel patch into RPM build tree:

    cp ~/lustre-kernel-aarch64-lustre.patch ~/kernel/rpmbuild/SOURCES/patch-4.18.0-lustre.patch
  3. Edit the kernel spec file ~/kernel/rpmbuild/SPECS/kernel.spec:

    Find the line with 'find $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/lib/modules/$KernelVer' and insert following line below it:

    cp -a fs/ext4/* $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/lib/modules/$KernelVer/build/fs/ext4

    Find the line with '# empty final patch to facilitate testing of kernel patches' and insert following two lines below it:

    # adds Lustre patches
    Patch99995: patch-%{version}-lustre.patch

    Find the line with 'ApplyOptionalPatch linux-kernel-test.patch' and insert following two lines below it:

    # lustre patch
    ApplyOptionalPatch patch-%{version}-lustre.patch

    Save and close the spec file.


    Run the following command to edit the kernel spec file:

    sed -i.inst -e '/find $RPM_BUILD_ROOT\/lib\/modules\/$KernelVer/a\
        cp -a fs/ext4/* $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/lib/modules/$KernelVer/build/fs/ext4' \
    -e '/^# empty final patch to facilitate testing of kernel patches/i\
    Patch99995: patch-%{version}-lustre.patch' \
    -e '/^ApplyOptionalPatch linux-kernel-test.patch/i\
    ApplyOptionalPatch patch-%{version}-lustre.patch' \
  4. Overwrite the kernel config file with ~/lustre-release/lustre/kernel_patches/kernel_configs/kernel-4.18.0-4.18-rhel8-aarch64.config:

    echo '# arm64' > ~/kernel/rpmbuild/SOURCES/kernel-4.18.0-aarch64.config
    cat ~/lustre-release/lustre/kernel_patches/kernel_configs/kernel-4.18.0-4.18-rhel8-aarch64.config >> ~/kernel/rpmbuild/SOURCES/kernel-4.18.0-aarch64.config

Build the new kernel as an RPM.

  1. Start building the kernel with rpmbuild:

    $ cd ~/kernel/rpmbuild
    $ buildid="_lustre" # Note: change to any string that identify your work
    $ rpmbuild -ba --with firmware --target aarch64 --with baseonly \
               --without kabichk --define "buildid ${buildid}" \
  2. A successful build will return:

    Checking for unpackaged file(s): /usr/lib/rpm/check-files /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/SRPMS/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.src.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-headers-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-cross-headers-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/perf-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/perf-debuginfo-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/python3-perf-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/python3-perf-debuginfo-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-tools-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-tools-libs-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-tools-libs-devel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-tools-debuginfo-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/bpftool-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/bpftool-debuginfo-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-core-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-devel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-modules-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-modules-extra-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/kernel-debuginfo-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
    Executing(%clean): /bin/sh -e /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.SqV3vr
    + umask 022
    + cd /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILD
    + cd kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_0
    + rm -rf /home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64
    + exit 0

If you receive a request to generate more entropy, you need to trigger some disk I/O or keyboard I/O. In another terminal, you can either type randomly or execute the following command to generate entropy:

# grep -Ri 'entropy' /usr

Installing the Lustre kernel and rebooting.

  1. As root, Install the kernel packages:

    # cd ~/kernel/rpmbuild/RPMS/aarch64/
    # rpm -Uvh kernel-core-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-headers-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-modules-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-modules-extra-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-devel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-tools-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm kernel-tools-libs-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64.rpm
  2. Reboot the system.
  3. Login system after reboot:

    # uname -r

    Now you are running a Lustre patched kernel!

Configure and build Lustre

  1. Configure Lustre source:

    $ cd ~/lustre-release/
    $ ./configure --with-linux=/home/build/kernel/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_0/linux-4.18.0-80.11.2.el8_lustre.aarch64/
    config.status: executing libtool commands
    CC:            gcc
    LD:            /usr/bin/ld
    CPPFLAGS:      -include /home/build/lustre-release/undef.h -include /home/build/lustre-release/config.h -I/home/build/lustre-release/lnet/include/uapi -I/home/build/lustre-release/lustre/include/uapi -I/home/build/lustre-release/libcfs/include -I/home/build/lustre-release/lnet/utils -I/home/build/lustre-release/lustre/include
    CFLAGS:        -g -O2
    EXTRA_KCFLAGS: -include /home/build/lustre-release/undef.h -include /home/build/lustre-release/config.h  -g -I/home/build/lustre-release/libcfs/include -I/home/build/lustre-release/libcfs/include/libcfs -I/home/build/lustre-release/lnet/include/uapi -I/home/build/lustre-release/lnet/include -I/home/build/lustre-release/lustre/include/uapi -I/home/build/lustre-release/lustre/include -Wno-format-truncation -Wno-stringop-truncation -Wno-stringop-overflow
    Type 'make' to build Lustre.
  2. Make RPMs:

    $ make rpms
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/kmod-lustre-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/kmod-lustre-osd-ldiskfs-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-osd-ldiskfs-mount-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-resource-agents-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-devel-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-tests-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/kmod-lustre-tests-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-iokit-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-debugsource-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-debuginfo-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/kmod-lustre-debuginfo-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/kmod-lustre-osd-ldiskfs-debuginfo-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-osd-ldiskfs-mount-debuginfo-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/lustre-tests-debuginfo-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Wrote: /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/RPMS/aarch64/kmod-lustre-tests-debuginfo-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64.rpm
    Executing(%clean): /bin/sh -e /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/TMP/rpm-tmp.CovhjA
    + umask 022
    + cd /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/BUILD
    + cd lustre-2.13.57_47_g475173d
    + rm -rf /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/BUILDROOT/lustre-2.13.57_47_g475173d-1.el8.aarch64
    + rm -rf /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/TMP/kmp
    + exit 0
    Executing(--clean): /bin/sh -e /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/TMP/rpm-tmp.P4Pr7b
    + umask 022
    + cd /tmp/rpmbuild-lustre-build-UPMee2HJ/BUILD
    + rm -rf lustre-2.13.57_47_g475173d
    + exit 0
  3. You should now have the Lustre RPMs.

Installing Lustre.

Change to root and change directory into /home/build/lustre-release/:

# yum localinstall *.aarch64.rpm

Disable SELinux (Lustre Servers)

SELinux, which is on by default in RHEL/CentOS, will prevent the format commands for the various Lustre targets from completing.  Therefore you must either disable it or adjust the settings.  These instructions explain how to disable it.

  1. Run  getenforce to see if SELinux is enabled.  It should return 'Enforcing' or 'Disabled'.
  2. To disable it, edit /etc/selinux/config and change the line 'selinux=enforcing' to 'selinux=disabled'.
  3. Finally, reboot your system.

    # vi /etc/selinux/config
    # This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
    # SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
    # enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
    # permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
    # disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
    # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
    # targeted - Only targeted network daemons are protected.
    # strict - Full SELinux protection.
    # shutdown -r now


  1. Run /usr/lib64/lustre/tests/

    # /usr/lib64/lustre/tests/
    Stopping clients: sr050 /mnt/lustre (opts:-f)
    Stopping clients: sr050 /mnt/lustre2 (opts:-f)
    sr050: executing set_hostid
    Loading modules from /usr/lib64/lustre/tests/..
    detected 160 online CPUs by sysfs
    libcfs will create CPU partition based on online CPUs
    Formatting mgs, mds, osts
    Format mds1: /tmp/lustre-mdt1
    Format ost1: /tmp/lustre-ost1
    Format ost2: /tmp/lustre-ost2
    Checking servers environments
    Checking clients sr050 environments
    Loading modules from /usr/lib64/lustre/tests/..
    detected 160 online CPUs by sysfs
    libcfs will create CPU partition based on online CPUs
    Setup mgs, mdt, osts
    Starting mds1: -o localrecov  /dev/mapper/mds1_flakey /mnt/lustre-mds1
    Commit the device label on /tmp/lustre-mdt1
    Started lustre-MDT0000
    Starting ost1: -o localrecov  /dev/mapper/ost1_flakey /mnt/lustre-ost1
    Commit the device label on /tmp/lustre-ost1
    Started lustre-OST0000
    Starting ost2: -o localrecov  /dev/mapper/ost2_flakey /mnt/lustre-ost2
    Commit the device label on /tmp/lustre-ost2
    Started lustre-OST0001
    Starting client: sr050:  -o user_xattr,flock sr050@tcp:/lustre /mnt/lustre
    UUID                   1K-blocks        Used   Available Use% Mounted on
    lustre-MDT0000_UUID       125056        1644      112176   2% /mnt/lustre[MDT:0]
    lustre-OST0000_UUID       313104        1244      284700   1% /mnt/lustre[OST:0]
    lustre-OST0001_UUID       313104        1244      284700   1% /mnt/lustre[OST:1]
    filesystem_summary:       626208        2488      569400   1% /mnt/lustre
    Using TIMEOUT=20
    setting jobstats to procname_uid
    Setting lustre.sys.jobid_var from disable to procname_uid
    Waiting 90s for 'procname_uid'
    Updated after 4s: want 'procname_uid' got 'procname_uid'
    disable quota as required
  2. You will now have a Lustre filesystem available at /mnt/lustre


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